Norway, officially the Kingdom of Norway, is sovereign and unitary monarchy whose territory comprises the western portion of theScandinavian Peninsula plus the island Jan Mayen and the archipelago of Svalbard.
Norway has a total area of 385,252 square kilometres (148,747 sq mi) and a population of 5,213,985 (May 2016). The country shares a long eastern border with Sweden (1,619 km or 1,006 mi long). Norway is bordered by Finland and Russia to the north-east, and the Skagerrak Strait to the south, with Denmark on the other side. Norway has an extensive coastline, facing the North Atlantic Ocean and the Barents Sea.